Acne is a disease that causes the obstruction of fat glands in the skin, creating inflammation and rashes, which are pimples. It is caused by the union of several factors, which involve excess production of skin oiliness, accumulation of bacteria, tendency to swell, hormonal irregularity and tendency to accumulate dead cells and tissues.
So to avoid the appearance of pimples, it is important to keep the skin clean, use products that remove excess oil and dead cells, in addition to having a healthy diet, which reduces inflammation of the skin based on whole grains and food Rich in omega-3s such as salmon and sardine.
Such alterations in the skin that cause acne in various places such as the face, back and arms, are triggered by situations such as:
In the period of adolescence, mainly between 12 and 18 years of age it is more common for pimples to form, since in this period there is an increase in the production of androgenic hormones by the body such as testosterone, which stimulates the production of oiliness
However, pimples can arise at any age, not being unusual to arise in women after age 30, called late acne, which can be caused by changes in the amount of sebum or keratin produced in the skin or by a greater accumulation of bacteria, for example.
How to treat: it is necessary to consult a dermatologist to evaluate the type of skin and the prescription of medications such as lotions or creams that can improve skin health and decrease pimple production.
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2. Do not clean the skin properly
By not cleaning the skin properly the pores can become clogged because it begins to accumulate fat in them, facilitating the formation of blackheads and the development of pimples.
How to treat: the face should be washed at least 2 times a day, when getting up and mainly when sleeping, to remove excess dirt on the skin throughout the day. Very oily skin can be washed up to 3 to 4 times a day. Preferably, specific products for the skin type, oriented after the dermatologist’s evaluation, should be used.
3. Do not take off your makeup
The makeup should be removed as soon as possible, since the accumulation in the skin also causes clogging of the pores and facilitates the formation of blackheads and pimples, mainly the low quality products that are produced based on oils.
How to treat: for those who have an acne tendency it is recommended to use specific makeup for oily, water-based skin, however the ideal is to try to leave the skin as natural as possible, in addition to always removing all makeup with makeup remover when reaching home.
4. Use very oily skin products
The use of sunscreen or very fatty moisturizers, not ideal for each type of skin, favor and increase the formation of blackheads and pimples.
How to treat: you should always try to choose specific products for your skin type, and they are called “non-comedogenic”, since they decrease the tendency to clog the pores of the skin.
5. Foods that cause pimples
Consume inflammatory foods for the skin such as milk, sweets, carbohydrates and fried foods, as they can increase the chances of forming acne, because they alter hormonal production and stimulate skin inflammation and acne formation.
How to treat: avoid food rich in carbohydrates, fats and prefer to focus on a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, vegetables, omega-3 and water, as they have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects.
6. Have a hormonal disease
Polycystic ovarian syndrome is a disease that increases the production of androgens, which are male hormones that act by increasing the production of fat through the skin, causing acne production.
How to treat: The treatment for this syndrome can be done with the use of contraceptives or others capable of regulating hormones.
7. Drug reaction
Certain medications can cause as a side effect reactions of inflammation of the skin with acne formation, and a common example is the use of corticosteroids and anti-inflammatories.
How to treat: when possible, you should talk to your doctor to see the possibility of changing the medication, however, it is possible to take measures to reduce acne during the use of the medication, how to use cleansing lotions or creams that decrease the formation of acne like retinoic acid, for example.
8. Sun in excess
Exposure to the sun excessively can cause pimples to form, since UV radiation can accelerate inflammation and fat production in the skin, which facilitates the production of acne.
How to treat: avoid exposing yourself to the sun for a long time, and ideally prefer the hours of lower incidence of UV radiation as before 10 am or after 4 pm. In addition to protecting yourself with the right sunscreen.
9. Genetic predisposition
Having a favorable genetics is one of the main factors for the formation of acne, especially in those who have excess or very large pimples, since these people have a greater tendency to have immune reactions and form inflammatory lesions on the skin.
How to treat: The treatment is done with topical products prescribed by the dermatologist, and in the most severe cases such as acne grade II or IV, it may be necessary to use medications in tablets such as antibiotics or isotretinoin.
Being pregnant can cause the appearance of pimples, which occurs only in some women due to the increase in progesterone, which increases the oiliness of the skin.
How to treat: it is advisable to choose to wash the skin with neutral or mild soap 2 times a day and apply a tonic lotion always after washing and drying the face. Treatment in tablets, acids or aesthetic procedures should be avoided during this period.
Pimples can be both external and internal, and this occurs because the obstruction of the sebaceous gland did not find an outlet outside the skin, being retained within a cyst, which can be very painful, however, the treatment is the same .
Normally, acne does not cause health risks, except if you have excessive inflammation and develop a serious infection. However, if the excess pimples are not treated, it can cause scars, spots on the face and on the body that can affect the person emotionally, raising the risk of the person suffering from depression.
How to avoid pimples
To avoid the appearance of pimples, some care should be taken into account such as:
- Avoid sweets and fried foods, as well as alcoholic and carbonated drinks, as they make digestion difficult and damage the skin;
- Having a diet rich in omega 3, zinc and antioxidants such as salmon, sunflower seeds, fruits and vegetables because they are rich in important substances that help reduce skin inflammation;
- Clean the skin with cosmetic products for oily skin twice a day, in the morning and at night, soaps with acetylsalicylic acid are a good option;
- Place an oil free sunscreen on the face before putting on makeup, even if it already has some protective factor, to protect the skin against the harmful effects of the sun;
- Gently exfoliate the skin once a week to remove dead cells.
You can see more information about the foods that are recommended to reduce pimples.
How the treatment is performed
When acne cannot be avoided, treatment should preferably be done with the use of topical products such as skin cleansing lotions or creams that prevent the formation of lesions such as retinoic acid, salicylic acid, adapalene or Benzoyl peroxide, prescribed by the dermatologist, and can be purchased or prepared in pharmacies.
Other options, more commonly used in resistant or more severe acne are the use of antibiotics such as Tetracycline or Erythromycin, or, ultimately, the use of Isotretinoin, known as Roacutan, for having a more potent effect on the control of formation of pimples. It is important that these medications are only used under the guidance of the dermatologist, due to the risk of side effects.
To avoid the use of medications, there are also radio-frequency techniques, phototherapy with special lights, laser and pulsed light that are very useful to reduce and deflate the acne region.
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